Vietnam is the home of the Ganoi, but the origin is unknown. Its history can not be traced due to the lack of documentation, but it's origin is probably Vietnam, as no other evidence of it coming from elsewhere has emerged. The 30 years civil war ended in 1975 that killed millions, and ruined the whole country, further contributed to the lack of information.
Ga Noi have been exported to neighboring countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia in recent decades. Vietnamese cockers living in the US had also brought Ga Noi to the states. Fowls bearing physical resemblance to Ga Noi can also be found in the Reunion Island.
There are basically 2 separate breeds of Ganoi, the Ga Don, and the Ga Cua.
Ga Don is the naked neck type fowl used in tape boxing. There are two major breeds of the Ga Don, the Ma Li (hennie), and the Ma Chi (regular). There are numerous bloodlines within each breed of Ga Don. Vietnamese cockers generally breed a fowl to maintain, or enhance its fighting ability, and not paying particular attention to any physical standard. Consequently, the fowls produced range widely in their physical appearance.
The skull of a Ga Noi is large, with a flat top. The face is broad, with large raised cheekbones. Ga Noi can show many different emotions with its facial expressions. When it is being fed by thier owner, Ga Noi show a happy face. When a stranger comes near, it displays a curious, wide-eyed staring look. When placed near an opponent, it shows a mean, daring look. The thick eye lids, deep eye sockets, and high cheekbones of a cold staring Ga Noi set it apart from a regular chicken. Ga Noi has a large and powerful neck. The neck is medium in length, and the bones are huge, and tightly joined. The thick neck skin is wrinkled, which form multiple wavy layers. A question that many people ask is whether or not its neck and head are naked naturally. Some breeds of Ga Noi are naked naturally, and some have more feathers than others, but most will be naked up to one year of age if raised in a hot climate like Vietnam. The neck and thigh's feathers may, or may not grow back in the second year. Factors such as bloodline, and climate will determine how much these feathers may grow in the second year. The constant washing of the birds neck can toughen the neck skin, and the feathers may not grow back in. I n the US, Ga Noi can adapt to the colder climate, and may possess full feathering at an earlier age. Most could have full feathers at 9 months, when raised in the US. Scales on most Ga Noi have two rows, forming a zig zag line in the center. Three or four rows of scales in Ga Noi are not common.
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